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icon planifAdapting to climate change requires the implementation of several complementary measures on the same territory to ensure the safety of both the public and infrastructures. There are a host of strategies and measures that can be applied to deal with coastal risks. However, it is important to ensure that the chosen measures are appropriate for the community and the site concerned.

At the community scale, adopted measures must include both planning and regulatory measures along with protection, accommodation and restoration techniques.

img pistes solutions EN
The concept of using complementary measures to limit risks during storm surges

Examples of planning and regulatory tools appear hereunder. Download the files to find out more…


The tools presented are those described in the guides produced by the Atlantic Climate Adaptation Solutions Association (ACASA).

Policy and planning frameworks tools

Retreat

Wetland policy

Wetland policies protect coastal wetlands by providing goals and objectives for controlling development in wetland areas and in some cases, wetland restoration.

Download

Tax or development incentive

Incentives can be used in the context of coastal adaptation planning including tax incentives, density bonusing, and development incentives.

Download

Strategic land acquisition (land bank)

Strategic land acquisition plans are used to proactively select areas of land that a community would like to acquire as public land.

Download

Stormwater management plan

Stormwater management plans include guidelines and standards for development that allow for as much rainwater as possible to be absorbed into the ground. This tool is used to avoid flooding during heavy rainfall events.

Download

Watershed management plan

A watershed management plan protects water resources, mitigates pollution, protects habitat, and manages stormwater runoff within a regional watershed area.

Download

Shoreline/coastal management plan

A shoreline/coastal management plan specifically addresses management of the shoreline and deals with coastal issues.

Download

Climate change action/adaptation plan

Climate change action/adaptation plans address the impacts of climate change on a community based on scenarios that are predicted for the local context.

Download

Integrated community sustainability plan

Integrated community sustainability plans are management plans that outline a vision for a liveable, healthy, and safe community into the future.

Download

Regional/rural plan (non-statutory), land use policy

A regional or rural plan involves inter-municipal planning for the future of a region to deal with issues facing multiple communities

Download

Secondary community plan or area plan

A secondary community plan is a legislative tool that guides all other plans and bylaws within a specified area within a municipality. It includes a vision for the future of the area and strategies for achieving that vision and dealing with challenges.

Download

Statutory community plan

A statutory community plan is a legislative tool that guides all other plans and bylaws within a municipality. It includes a vision for the future of a community and strategies for achieving that vision and dealing with challenges.

Download

Accommodation

Tax or development incentive

Incentives can be used in the context of coastal adaptation planning including tax incentives, density bonusing, and development incentives.

Download

Stormwater management plan

Stormwater management plans include guidelines and standards for development that allow for as much rainwater as possible to be absorbed into the ground. This tool is used to avoid flooding during heavy rainfall events.

Download

Watershed management plan

A watershed management plan protects water resources, mitigates pollution, protects habitat, and manages stormwater runoff within a regional watershed area.

Download

Shoreline/coastal management plan

A shoreline/coastal management plan specifically addresses management of the shoreline and deals with coastal issues.

Download

Climate change action/adaptation plan

Climate change action/adaptation plans address the impacts of climate change on a community based on scenarios that are predicted for the local context.

Download

Integrated community sustainability plan

Integrated community sustainability plans are management plans that outline a vision for a liveable, healthy, and safe community into the future.

Download

Regional/rural plan (non-statutory), land use policy

A regional or rural plan involves inter-municipal planning for the future of a region to deal with issues facing multiple communities

Download

Secondary community plan or area plan

A secondary community plan is a legislative tool that guides all other plans and bylaws within a specified area within a municipality. It includes a vision for the future of the area and strategies for achieving that vision and dealing with challenges.

Download

Statutory community plan

A statutory community plan is a legislative tool that guides all other plans and bylaws within a municipality. It includes a vision for the future of a community and strategies for achieving that vision and dealing with challenges.

Download

Emergency preparredness/management plan

Emergency management plans outline steps to mitigate damage from disasters and steps to respond after a disaster occurs

Download

Protection

Climate change action/adaptation plan

Climate change action/adaptation plans address the impacts of climate change on a community based on scenarios that are predicted for the local context.

Download

Integrated community sustainability plan

Integrated community sustainability plans are management plans that outline a vision for a liveable, healthy, and safe community into the future.

Download

Regional/rural plan (non-statutory), land use policy

A regional or rural plan involves inter-municipal planning for the future of a region to deal with issues facing multiple communities

Download

Secondary community plan or area plan

A secondary community plan is a legislative tool that guides all other plans and bylaws within a specified area within a municipality. It includes a vision for the future of the area and strategies for achieving that vision and dealing with challenges.

Download

Statutory community plan

A statutory community plan is a legislative tool that guides all other plans and bylaws within a municipality. It includes a vision for the future of a community and strategies for achieving that vision and dealing with challenges.

Download


Regulations and land use change tools

Retreat

Abandonment

This is a "do nothing" approach where existing structures and infrastructure are not repaired once damage occurs.

Download

Managed retreat/abandonment

Managed retreat and abandonment is a long-term solution for high risk areas along the coast. It involves moving structures and infrastructure back from the coast.

Download

Conservation easements

An easement is a written agreement and partnership with flexible arrangements between a landowner and government, or organization, to conserve land without changing ownership of the land.

Download

Rolling easements

Rolling easements prohibit hard armouring along the coast and designate land along the coast as public land. Property lines move with the coastline as it changes to ensure that public land remains accessible.

Download

Land trust

A land trust is a non-profit organization that acquires and manages land for non-development purposes such as conservation of significant habitats.

Download

Land-use conversion & re-development

Land use conversion and redevelopment can be used to remove unsuitable land uses and structures from coastal areas that are publicly owned.

Download

Land swap

A land swap can be used to exchange land between two levels of government or between a government and a landowner.

Télécharger

Transfer of development credits

Transferable development rights are market incentives used for new developments and are designed to shift development away from certain areas to locations deemed to be safer and more sustainable.

Download

Development standards

Development standards establish and prescribe criteria, such as density and setbacks, for new development.

Download

Subdivision by-law or regulation

A subdivision by-law or restrictions regulate how existing land is subdivided for new development. This tool can be used to restrict development in coastal areas and prevent development on important coastal lands.

Download

Setbacks

Coastal setbacks enforce mandatory distances between the water and man-made structures. There are a variety of setback types including horizontal, elevation, fixed, retreating, and buffers.

Download

Land use by-law and zoning

Land use zoning and by-laws are used to establish the types of land use and development permitted in designated areas. A variety of zoning types have been used for coastal planning including: land use zoning (generally), overlay zoning, hazard zoning, performance zoning, conservation/protection zoning, temporal zoning, down zoning.

Download

Wetland regulation

Wetland regulations protect coastal wetlands by controlling development in wetland areas through legislation.

Download

Accommodation

Foreshore lease

Foreshore lease is when a municipality leases the foreshore from the province in order to have authority to alter that area of land.

Download

Waiver

Waivers can be a requirement within a development agreement whereby landowners sign and acknowledge that they understand the risks associated with developing on coastal property.

Download

Variances

A variance can allow a developer to build in a way that does not comply with the current bylaw as long as they can prove that the development is suitable for the site.

Download

Development standards

Development standards establish and prescribe criteria, such as density and setbacks, for new development.

Download

Setbacks

Coastal setbacks enforce mandatory distances between the water and man-made structures. There are a variety of setback types including horizontal, elevation, fixed, retreating, and buffers.

Download

Land use by-law and zoning

Land use zoning and by-laws are used to establish the types of land use and development permitted in designated areas. A variety of zoning types have been used for coastal planning including: land use zoning (generally), overlay zoning, hazard zoning, performance zoning, conservation/protection zoning, temporal zoning, down zoning.

Download

Protection

Foreshore lease

Foreshore lease is when a municipality leases the foreshore from the province in order to have authority to alter that area of land.

Download


Site planning and design tools

Retreat

Conservation subdivision design

Conservation subdivision design is a residential development model which regulates the structure, scale, and location of development, while ensuring that a significant percentage, typically 40 percent or more, of the subdivision area is retained as open space.

Download

Urban design standards

Urban design standards include guidelines and standards for development. Urban design standards is on the character of an area created through design.

Download

Accommodation

Site Monitoring

Monitoring involves recording changes along the shoreline. This can be an important step in helping to understand coastal risks and habitat health.

Download

Green shoreline rating system

The Green Shores Program uses a rating model, based on green building rating models such as LEED, for coastal properties.

Download

Urban design standards

Urban design standards include guidelines and standards for development. Urban design standards is on the character of an area created through design.

Download
icon techniquesAdapting to climate change requires the implementation of several complementary measures on the same territory to ensure the safety of both the public and infrastructures. There are a host of strategies and measures that can be applied to deal with coastal risks. However, it is important to ensure that the chosen measures are appropriate for the community and the site concerned.

At the community scale, adopted measures must include both planning and regulatory measures along with protection, accommodation and restoration techniques.

img pistes solutions EN
The concept of using complementary measures to limit risks during storm surges

Examples of engineering tools appear hereunder. Download the files to find out more…


The tools presented are those described in the guides produced by the Atlantic Climate Adaptation Solutions Association (ACASA).


Erosion

Retreat

Relocate infrastructure

The decision to relocate or abandon a coastal road, building or other type of infrastructure must be based on a complex cost-benefit analysis that includes socio-economic aspects. The value of services provided must be accounted for.

Download

Accommodation

Maintenance repair or replacement of existing structure

Some structures require maintenance over time. If there is a structure already present at your site which is causing or experiencing damage, there is the possibility of repairing or replacing it.

Download

Protection

Maintenance repair or replacement of existing structure

Some structures require maintenance over time. If there is a structure already present at your site which is causing or experiencing damage, there is the possibility of repairing or replacing it.

Download

Dune building

Dunes act as a flexible buffer between the ocean and the upland, protecting from both erosion and flooding.

Download

Living shoreline/wetland

Saltmarshes are a way to maintain a natural shoreline balance as sea levels rise; reducing impacts of flooding and erosion reduced. It can be combined with low-crested reef breakwaters in front.

Download

Artificial dune/buried revetment

A buried revetment uses the hard protection of a revetment and the soft protection of a dune to create a barrier against flooding and erosion.

Download

Seawall

Seawalls are structural barriers designed to resist the full force of waves and storm surge.

Download

Plant stabilization

Planting certain vegetation to stabilize coastline is a cost effective option in relatively protected shorelines.

Download

Beach nourishment

Beach Nourishment adds sediment to the coastal system by depositing along the shoreline. It acts as a storm buffer. It involves periodic renourishment because it does not reduce background erosion rate.

Download

Perched beach (sill)

A perched beach can be created where the natural profile of a beach comes too close to valuable infrastructure or property.

Download

Artificial reefs

Artificial reefs attempt to mimic natural forms and use naturally occurring material and help restore natural reef systems.

Download

Retaining wall

Retaining walls prevents land from sliding into the sea. The secondary purpose is to limit the impact of waves on the shore.

Download

Nearshore breakwaters

Nearshore breakwaters are designed to provide shelter from waves to reduce erosion of the shoreline and can be designed to increase sediment build-up in desired locations.

Download

Shore perpendicular breakwater

Shore-perpendicular breakwaters extend out from the shore. They provide shelter from waves to the shoreline and can be designed to increase sediment build-up in desired locations.

Download

Groynes

Groynes/Groins trap sand moving along the shoreline (littoral drift) and help grow the beach on the updrift of the groyne.

Download

Rip-rap armouring

Rip-rap refers to loose rock or other material piled on the shoreline to limit erosion, typically end-dumped from a truck.

Download

Engineered revetment

Revetments breaks wave energy, stopping erosion. Water can seep through.

Download

Scour protection

Scour protection prevents erosion (i.e. scouring) from around the base of infrastructure of natural coast.

Download


Flooding

Retreat

Relocate infrastructure

The decision to relocate or abandon a coastal road, building or other type of infrastructure must be based on a complex cost-benefit analysis that includes socio-economic aspects. The value of services provided must be accounted for.

Download

Accommodation

Maintenance repair or replacement of existing structure

Some structures require maintenance over time. If there is a structure already present at your site which is causing or experiencing damage, there is the possibility of repairing or replacing it.

Download

Floating building

Floating buildings are located on a floating base allowing water to flow underneath during flood situations.

Download

Raised infrastructures

A building's elevation can be increased through the use of stilts or raised foundation to create non-living space under the house (i.e. garage) or by increasing the height of the land with fill before the building is constructed.

Download

Wet flood proofing building

Wet flood proofing accommodates the possibility of flooding into the structure. This technique allows water to flow in and out of the lower level of the buildings.

Download

Stormwater management

Storm water management reduces runoff by promoting infiltration naturally and with man-made pipes and streams.

Download

Raingarden/constructed wetland

A rain garden is a planted depression or a hole that allows rainwater runoff from impervious urban areas, like roofs, driveways, walkways, parking lots, and compacted lawn areas, the opportunity to be absorbed.

Download

Detainment pond

Detainment ponds store excess water during extreme rainfall.

Download

Bluff drain

Pipes with holes along the length that allow water to seep in and provide a route for water to escape the soil and drain into the ocean without eroding the bluff. A bluff drain is also beneficial for reducing bluff erosion due to overland runoff.

Download

Dredging

Dredging is the act of digging up the bottom of a channel to remove sediment that has built up in an estuary or harbour mouth, keeping channels open for floodwater drainage.

Download

Drainage ditch

Drainage ditches are made up of a network of open trenches often connected by culverts. They will provide routes for water to drain from an area.

Download

Protection

Maintenance repair or replacement of existing structure

Some structures require maintenance over time. If there is a structure already present at your site which is causing or experiencing damage, there is the possibility of repairing or replacing it.

Download

Dry flood proofing building

Material and structures used to prevent floodwater or storm surge from impacting the more valuable structures within.

Download

Tide barrier/aboiteau

Tidal or storm surge barriers are moveable barriers or gates that are closed to prevent flooding when extreme water levels or storm surges are forecast. Aboiteaux provide one-way freshwater drainage.

Download

Dyke

Dykes prevent the flooding of coastal lowlands during extreme high tides and storm events.

Download

Dune building

Dunes act as a flexible buffer between the ocean and the upland, protecting from both erosion and flooding.

Download

Living shoreline/wetland

Saltmarshes are a way to maintain a natural shoreline balance as sea levels rise; reducing impacts of flooding and erosion reduced. It can be combined with low-crested reef breakwaters in front.

Download

Artificial dune/buried revetment

A buried revetment uses the hard protection of a revetment and the soft protection of a dune to create a barrier against flooding and erosion.

Download

Seawall

Seawalls are structural barriers designed to resist the full force of waves and storm surge.

Download


Erosion and Flooding

Retreat

Relocate infrastructure

The decision to relocate or abandon a coastal road, building or other type of infrastructure must be based on a complex cost-benefit analysis that includes socio-economic aspects. The value of services provided must be accounted for.

Download

Accommodation

Maintenance repair or replacement of existing structure

Some structures require maintenance over time. If there is a structure already present at your site which is causing or experiencing damage, there is the possibility of repairing or replacing it.

Download

Protection

Maintenance repair or replacement of existing structure

Some structures require maintenance over time. If there is a structure already present at your site which is causing or experiencing damage, there is the possibility of repairing or replacing it.

Download

Dune building

Dunes act as a flexible buffer between the ocean and the upland, protecting from both erosion and flooding.

Download

Living shoreline/wetland

Saltmarshes are a way to maintain a natural shoreline balance as sea levels rise; reducing impacts of flooding and erosion reduced. It can be combined with low-crested reef breakwaters in front.

Download

Artificial dune/buried revetment

A buried revetment uses the hard protection of a revetment and the soft protection of a dune to create a barrier against flooding and erosion.

Download

Seawall

Seawalls are structural barriers designed to resist the full force of waves and storm surge.

Download
Click on the map to see the work that has been done in each community.


The Process

In order to ensure that the adaptation actions and measures to be adopted will be:
  • appropriate for the type of problem
  • good investments
  • socially, economically and environmentally acceptable

the Projet Adaptation PA is following a rigorous 5-step process:

1) Scenarios and risks [Communities which passed this stage]
2) Maps and zoning [Communities which passed this stage]
3) Priorities and potential strategies [Communities which passed this stage]
4) Evaluation and strategy selection [Communities which passed this stage]
5) Implementation plans [Communities which passed this stage]

To make enlightened choices about the best measures or actions to be taken to limit the risks of damage and risks to human health posed by erosion and flooding, we must know what these risks are. This is the goal of step 1: Scenarios and risks, where flooding and erosion scenarios are developed and the risks to infrastructures evaluated. This step provides a better understanding of current and future phenomena and risks.

Once the scenarios have been developed, a decision must be made as to which ones to plan for. This is the goal of step 2: Maps and zoning. During this step, a working group recommends the scenarios to be used for planning purposes. The delineation of the areas at risk is based on these scenarios. The working group also makes zoning recommendations.

Then, it is possible to identify what is at risk (or at stake) and prioritize the elements at stake based on their human, economic, cultural and environmental importance to the community. This is the goal of step 3: Priorities and potential strategies. A working group identifies and prioritizes elements at stake within the risk areas. It is also during this step that preliminary adaptation strategies are considered.

Step 4: Evaluation and selection of strategies can involve conducting more extensive studies for some of the adaptation measures under consideration, such as technical studies, feasibility evaluations or cost-benefit analyses. Once the pros and cons have been considered, a final decision can be made.

Finally, in Step 5: Implementation plans, the details on when and how the actions to be taken will be implemented are defined.

Several communities have already gone through the initial steps of the process.
Guidesicon outils

Les gouvernements locaux, le développement durable et les changements climatiques

Adapting to Climate Change in Coastal Communities of The Atlantic Provinces, Canada : Land Use Planning and Engineering and Natural Approaches – Part 1

Adapting to Climate Change in Coastal Communities of The Atlantic Provinces, Canada : Land Use Planning and Engineering and Natural Approaches – Part 2 Land Use Planning Tools Adaptation Options

Adapting to Climate Change in Coastal Communities of The Atlantic Provinces, Canada : Land Use Planning and Engineering and Natural Approaches – Part 3 Engineering Tools Adaptation Options

Reducing Flood Risk to Residential Buildings That Cannot Be Elevated

Homeowner's Guide to Retrofitting


Training

Online training on climate change adaptation offered by the Federation of Canadian Municipalities and the Canadian Standards Association.



Websites


The climate change section of the New Brunswick Environment and Local Government site

The flooding section of the New Brunswick Environment and Local Government site

New Brunswick Emergency Measures Organisation

GeoNB

Environment and Climate Change Canada

Ouranos

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

Ministère du Développement durable, de l’environnement et de la lutte contre les changements climatiques du Québec

Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis

Climate Change – David Susuki Foundation



Pamphlets


Guide d'actions pour les propriétaires dans la zone à risque de Bas-Caraquet

Guide d'actions pour les propriétaires dans la zone à risque de Le Goulet

Guide d'actions pour les propriétaires dans la zone à risque de Pointe-Brûlée

Guide d'actions pour les propriétaires dans la zone à risque de Shippagan



Tools


Tool to evaluate the vulnerability of infrastructures: Engineering protocol of the Engineers Canada Public Infrastructures Engineering Vulnerability Committee


Decision aid tool to identify regulatory and technical solutions to flooding and erosion problems in a coastal area developed by a team of experts coordinated by the Atlantic Climate Adaptation Solutions Association (ACASA).
This tool consists of a series of questions dealing with erosion/flooding problems affecting a site and the physical characteristics of the coastal area of the site. Once the answers have been selected, the tool generates outputs that present adaptation solutions ranked according to their relevance to the site. A user name and password can be obtained from the ACASA.


Maps


Database on the erosion of New Brunswick coasts

Erosion maps are available for sections of the coast of MaisonnetteBas-CaraquetShippaganLe GouletVal-Comeau and Rivière-du-Portage


What will be the magnitude of sea level rise in the Acadian Peninsula?


The most recent projections indicate that the sea level in the Acadian Peninsula will increase by about 70 cm between 2010 and 2100.

Very few infrastructures are currently located in areas that will be permanently submerged in 2100 according to these scenarios. It is mainly areas currently occupied by marshes, spits and beaches that will be submerged.

The problem, however, is that because of the rise in the average sea level, several locations where infrastructures are currently located will be temporarily flooded during storm surges.

What does that mean for us?
If we do not adapt the way we build and do not move back some of the infrastructures in areas at risk:
  • Increasing numbers of roads, buildings, private and public property will be damaged.
  • Essential services will be disrupted and compromised: electricity, drinking water, wastewater treatment.
  • Our quality of life will also be affected: stress, injuries and other health problems. Some fatalities could even occur.


Flooding projections

Normalcy with regards to flooding will change. Here are examples of probable flood scenarios. These maps illustrate the difference between a flood caused by a major storm today and the same major storm occurring in 2050. The risk of flooding is high, because there is a 45% chance that a major storm will occur at least once in the next 30 years.

img previsions bas caraquet
Bas-Caraquet
DOWNLOAD THE MAP

Download all the maps: 


How bad could the worst flood scenarios be?

Very large storm surges, combined with a very high tide and sea level rise, could provoque extreme scenarios, such as the following. 

img previsions tracadie

Download all the maps:



Erosion projections

Here are examples of where the coastline could be located in the future, based on historial erosion rates. The maps illustrate the potential future position of the shoreline in 2025, 2055, 2085 and 2100 or in 2030, 2050 and 2100.


img previsions caraquet
Bas-Caraquet
Download the map

Download all the maps:
Erosion and storm surges, which are natural phenomena, have always been part of living in the Acadian Peninsula. However, residents of the Acadian Peninsula have noted that the ocean seems to be rising and that storm surges have been flooding wider areas than in the past. Shoreline residents find that they have been losing increasingly more land to erosion. Others have observed that the winters seem to be milder and that the sea does not freeze as fast or for as long. Available data confirm these observations.

Here are examples of what we are already oberving


Temperature
The average air temperature recorded in January, February and March at the Environment Canada weather station in Bas-Caraquet has increased by about 3°C from 1985 to 2011.

FIG change temperature
Quarterly average temperatures (January, February, March) recorded at the Environment Canada weather station in Bas-Caraquet, NB. The graph shows a significant increase of about 3°C in winter air temperature over a 26-year period.


Sea level
The average sea level has increased by 10 cm from 1973 to 2011 in Escuminac where the tide gauge closest to the Acadian Peninsula is located.

FIG change sea level
Average water level heights recorded by the tide gauge in Escuminac, New Brunswick (Environment Canada) showing a highly significant increase of 10 cm since 1973.


Storms
The January 2000 storm prompted the evacuation of several homes, flooded roads resulted in property damage and caused salt water to seep into wells.


In Le Goulet, flooding took place in 2000 and 2010. In 2000, close to 30 homes and wells were damaged by salt water infiltration. A road was closed and residents had to be evacuated from their homes.

FIG Acadie Nouvelle tempête 2010

Other storms since that time, such as the ones back in December 2010, have also caused flooding, damage and erosion in several locations in the Acadian Peninsula.


Erosion
The average erosion rates along the shores of the Acadian Peninsula vary according to the type of coast and wave exposure.

Beaches: 0.32 to 1.01 m/year
Dunes: 0.35 to 1.2 m/year
Cliffs: 0.18 to 1.17 m/year

img plage facterie bastien
The «Facterie à Bastien beach» in Rivière-du-Portage receded 22 m from 2007 to 2012. It is one of the areas in the Acadian Peninsula where erosion rates are the highest. Photo and data by Dominique Bérubé, New Brunswick Department of Energy and Resource Development.

Shoreline movement
View examples of shoreline movement in the Acadian Peninsula between 1944 and 2012. Move the arrows!



Caraquet



Pigeon Hill



Sainte-Marie-Saint-Raphaël



Sainte-Marie-Saint-Raphaël



Anse-Bleue


Chemin des chalets, Maisonnette



Dune de Maisonnette


Sources:

Stervinou, V., Mayrand, E.,Chouinard, O. et Thiombiano, A. N. 2013. La perception des changements environnementaux : le cas de la collectivité côtière de Shippagan (Nouveau-Brunswick, Canada). VertigO - la revue électronique en sciences de l'environnement [En ligne], Volume 13 Numéro 1. URL : http://vertigo.revues.org/13482 ; DOI : 10.4000/vertigo.13482.

Department of the Environment and Local Government, 2017. Coastal erosion. http://www2.gnb.ca/content/gnb/en/departments/elg/environment/content/climate_change/content/climate_change_indicators/indicators/water/coastal_erosion.html.
The Projet Adaptation PA is coordinated by the Coastal Zones Research Institute Inc. under the terms of a cooperation agreement with the Acadian Peninsula Forum of Mayors.


Valores is a private centre of applied research which offers its expertise to industrial clients as well as communities. Its areas of specialty are aquaculture, fishery and marine by-products, peat, soil and sustainable development. Valores offers numerous research and development services, including analytical (laboratory) services. For more information, go to the Valores website at www.valores.ca.

Since 2011, the CZRI, now called Valores, has worked alongside communities in the Acadian Peninsula in their efforts to adapt to climate change. Its role is to coordinate the activities of the Projet Adaptation PA, perform some required studies and couch scientific information in layperson’s terms for communities.

Valores performs the following activities:

  • Strategic planning exercises
  • Cost-benefit analyses of strategies
  • Technical studies (e.g., monitoring of sediment dynamics)
  • Evaluation of strategy feasibility
  • Public consultations
  • Communication and awareness
  • The authorities concerned (owners, municipal and provincial governments, etc.) are responsible for choosing and implementing adaptation solutions.


Team

  • Marion Tétégan Simon, PhD, Scientific Director Peatland, Soils and sustainable development
  • Benoit Saint-Hilaire, project manager, Peatland, Soils and sustainable development
  • Manuella Cess., Peatland, Soils and sustainable development research professional
  • Student interns


Available speakers

Ambassadors are available to give conferences, presentations in schools or to facilitate discussions, workshops or set up booths at events, etc. Please This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..
Changes already noted

The effects of climate change have already been observed in the Acadian Peninsula, as is the case elsewhere in the province and across the country. Winter air temperature and sea levels have been increasing in the past 30 years.

Flooding has occurred in some communities during major storms, particularly in 2000 and in 2010, whereas in other communities, erosion has forced people to move or is currently posing a threat to homes or roads.

The storms of 2000 and 2010 took place during milder than normal winters, with thinner ice cover to lessen the effect of the waves. In fact, the ice tends to form later in the year.

These changes are not unique to the Acadian Peninsula and have been observed all along the east coast of New Brunswick.


Impacts in our area

Communities in the Acadian Peninsula have already experienced flooding and erosion problems, for example :
  • On Miscou Island, the road leading to the famous lighthouse has been damaged twice in recent years.
  • On Lamèque Island, erosion has been worrying the residents of Sainte-Marie-Saint-Raphael, Cap-Bateau and Pigeon Hill for several years now. Some residents have resigned themselves to moving. Other residents would like to do so but can’t afford to and therefore experience stress every time a storm hits.
  • In Le Goulet, flooding is the main concern of citizens in the municipality, who were severely affected by the storms in 2000 and 2010.
  • Shippagan and Pointe-Brulée experienced flooding during the 2010 storms. The very popular Sentier Riavage (boardwalk) was partially damaged.
  • In Maisonnette, the Chemin des chalets was threatened by erosion and the wooden boardwalk on the maisonette dune was damaged. The Chemin des chalets has to be repaired each year.
  • In Grande-Anse, cliff erosion is a source of concern. The situations of the lighthouse, a tourist icon, and the cemetery are a concern.
  • A road in the Val Comeau Provincial Park had to be repaired on several occasions at significant cost.
  • The wharfs at Val Comeau and Anse-Bleue were also damaged by the storms along with the Bas-Caraquet wharf and marina. 


With the rising sea level, the zones at risk of flooding and erosion will expand. See the section “What can be expected” for projections.
Projet Adaptation PA is a regional project aimed at identifying and implementing measures to reduce current and future impacts of coastal erosion and flooding in communities at risk along the Acadian Peninsula.
If you have any questions or comments, do not hesitate to contact Marion Tetegan Simon, Project manager and researcher at Valores, and coordinator of the Projet Adaptation PA.

Valores Logo HOR IRZC 

232B, avenue de l’Église
Shippagan, Nouveau-Brunswick
CANADA E8S 1J2

Phone : (506) 336-6600
Fax : (506) 336-6601
E-mail : This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Erosion and flooding
In the example above, see the evolution of coastal erosion in the Pigeon Hill area from 1944 to 2012. Move the arrows!

A rigorous process

Scenarios and risks

icon scenario
Gain better knowledge of damage risks and risks to human health posed by erosion and flooding.

Maps and zoning

icon cartes
Delineate areas at risk based on recommendations.

Priorities and potential strategies

icon priorites
Identify and prioritise elements at stake within risk areas.

Evaluation and strategy selection

icon evaluations
Conduct more extensive studies for some of the adaptation measures under consideration.

Implementation plans

icon plan
Define the details on when and how the actions will be taken and implemented.

Project progression

Follow the progress of the project in your community using the interactive map.

View the map

Possible solutions

Adapting to climate change requires the implementation of several complementary measures on the same territory to ensure the safety of both the public and infrastructures. Here are some possible solutions.