Steps completed

Scenarios and risks (Preparatory step)

Technical and scientific work done in 2015-2016

Partners: Coastal Zones Research Institute Inc., Geomediatix innovations Inc., The Acadian Peninsula Regional Service Commission, Department of Environment and Local Government, Department of Energy and Mines and Université de Moncton, Shippagan campus

  • high-resolution elevation model based on LiDAR data
  • sea level rise and storm surge level projections
  • shoreline recession and advancement projections
  • database of infrastructures at risk based on various flood and shoreline recession scenarios

Aubé, M., Hébert, C. et Simard, I. 2016. Analyse des risques d’inondation et d’érosion dans les régions de Grande-Anse, Maisonnette, Bertrand et Caraquet.

Priorities and potential strategies

Part 1 : Strategic planning exercise by a working group from Bertrand and Maisonnette in the fall of 2015.

Members of the working group: Jean-Marc Godin, France Haché, René Thériault, Diane Chiasson, Gaston Chiasson, Jules Boudreau, Viviane Baldwin et Gabrielle Blanchard



  • Use the 2050 sea level rise scenario, the 50-year storm surge scenario at HHWLT, and the 2100 shoreline recession scenario for purposes of planning and delineating the areas at risk.
  • Amend the Villages of Bertrand and Maisonnette municipal plans to include zoning aimed at minimizing flood and erosion risks:
1) a retreat zone (no construction allowed), as delineated by the projected shoreline in 2100, wetlands, and the Maisonnette sandspit (dune)

2) an accommodation zone where construction is allowed within certain conditions corresponding to the area flooded as per the 2050 50-year storm surge scenario.

Map: Adaptation aux changements climatiques : recommandations de zonage afin de minimiser les risques associés aux inondations et à l’érosion côtières pour Maisonnette, Bertrand et Poirier (DSL)

Aubé, M., Hébert, C. et Melançon, J. 2016. Planification stratégique à Tracadie, Caraquet, Bertrand, Maisonnette, Poirier, Grande-Anse et Anse Bleue.

Part 2 : Strategic planning exercise by a working group from Bertrand and Maisonnette in the fall of 2016.

Members of the working group: Jules Boudreau, Denis Chiasson, Diane Chiasson, Gaston Chiasson, Jean-Marc Godin, Gabrielle Blanchard, René Thériault and France Haché

Facilitation: CZRI

Recommandations : 

The priority areas are : 

  • Maisonnette municipal park area
  • South area of Maisonnette
  • Village historique acadien area
  • Maisonnette sandspit

The main recommendations of the working group are of general order. The group proposes to modify the delimitation of the retreat and accommodation zones, so that the retreat zone is delimited by the line illustrating the projected position of the shoreline in 2100, by the area that would be flooded by a 50-year storm surge in 2050 at HHWLT, as well as the provincial wetlands and the Maisonnette sandspit. Also, the accommodation zone, where construction would be allowed within certain conditions, should be delimited by the area that would be flooded by a 100-year storm surge in 2050.

In addition to the recommendations regarding regulatory measures, the group advocates protection strategies for the municipal park area of Maisonnette. It recommends that a study be conducted on the possibility of building a breakwater to replace the old one. For the southern area of Maisonnette, the group recommends that only soft techniques should be allowed as protection measures. For the Village historique acadien, the group recommends that the Village administration be informed of the flood risks and that the buildings at risk be relocated outside the risk area. The group also recommends that Route 11 be elevated above the flood level if it is modified or rebuilt in the future.

Regarding the Maisonnette sandspit, the group recommends that the sandspit be defined as a natural protected area, for example, through a partnership with Nature Conservancy Canada. Pedestrian and vehicular traffic directly on the sandspit should be prohibited. The boardwalk should be maintained, but it should be built on stilts. Finally, re-vegetation techniques should be used as protection measures.

Report :
 Aubé, M., Hébert, C. et Jean, S. 2017. Enjeux et solutions : Exercices de planification stratégique à Tracadie, Caraquet, Bertrand et Maisonnette.

Implementation plan's writing

The Village of Bertrand has completed the process leading to the development of its Climate Change Adaptation Plan.

The final selection of actions in the plan was made following public consultation that took place in the fall of 2021.

An implementation plan has been developed including details of when and how the actions will be carried out.  The implementation plan will be updated as needed.

Report :
VALORES, 2022. Plan d'adaptation aux changements climatiques du Village de Bertrand

Rapports additionnels :
Rapport d'analyse des risques d'érosion et d'inondation pour une partie du territoire municipal de Bertrand le long de la rivière Caraquet

Erosion and flooding
In the example above, see the evolution of coastal erosion in the Pigeon Hill area from 1944 to 2012. Move the arrows!

A rigorous process

Scenarios and risks

icon scenario
Gain better knowledge of damage risks and risks to human health posed by erosion and flooding.

Maps and zoning

icon cartes
Delineate areas at risk based on recommendations.

Priorities and potential strategies

icon priorites
Identify and prioritise elements at stake within risk areas.

Evaluation and strategy selection

icon evaluations
Conduct more extensive studies for some of the adaptation measures under consideration.

Implement plans

icon plan
Define the details on when and how the actions will be taken and implemented.

Project progression

Follow the progress of the project in your community using the interactive map.

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Possible solutions

Adapting to climate change requires the implementation of several complementary measures on the same territory to ensure the safety of both the public and infrastructures. Here are some possible solutions.