Steps completed





Scenarios and risks

Technical and scientific work done from 2009 to 2011.

Partners: Université de Moncton, Shippagan campus, Department of Environment and Local Government, Department of Energy and Resource Development

Results:
  • high-resolution elevation model based on LiDAR data
  • sea level rise and storm surge level projections
  • shoreline recession and advancement projections
  • database of infrastructures at risk based on various flood and shoreline recession scenarios

Report:
Robichaud, A., Simard, I., Doiron, A. et Chelbi, M. 2011. Infrastructures à risque dans trois municipalités de la Péninsule acadienne.

Maps and zoning
 

Strategic planning exercise by a working group from the community in the fall of 2011.

Members of the working group: Mireille Caron, Élise Mayrand, Nadia Tchoukanova, Rémi McGraw, Bertin Thériault, Jérôme Roy and Justin Mallet

Facilitation: CZRI and the Commission d’aménagement de la Péninsule acadienne (now the Acadian Peninsula Regional Services Commission)

Recommendations:
  • Use the 2055 sea level rise scenario, the 100-year storm surge scenario at HHWLT, and the 2100 shoreline recession scenario for purposes of planning and delineating the areas at risk.
  • Amend the Town of Shippagan municipal plan to include zoning aimed at minimizing flood and erosion risks

1)a retreat zone, no new construction and no expansion of existing buildings permitted, as delineated by the projected shoreline in 2100 and the provincial wetlands.

2) an accommodation zone where construction is allowed within certain conditions corresponding to the zone that would be flooded by the 100-year storm surge in 2055.

Map: Adaptation aux changements climatiques : recommandations de zonage pour Shippagan afin de minimiser les risques associés aux inondations et à l’érosion côtières

Report:
Aubé, M. et Kocyla, B. 2012. Adaptation aux changements climatiques: planification de l’utilisation du territoire à Shippagan, Le Goulet et Bas-Caraquet.


Priorities and potential strategies

Strategic planning exercise by a working group from the community in the fall of 2013.

Members of the working group: Rémi Hébert, Valmond Doiron, Michel Mallet, Camille-André Mallet, Christine Lemay, Julie Mallet and Bertin Thériault

Facilitation: CZRI

Recommendations:

The priority areas are :

  • Main access road to Shippagan
  • Residential areas and coastal boardwalk «Sentier rivage»
  • City infrastructure and buildings


1) The accesses to the Town of Shippagan (Pointe-Brûlée access, bridge linking Shippagan to Lamèque Island, Pointe-Sauvage access and Highway 113 access): favour accommodation and protection: raise the bridges and roads over the flood level, inform the emergency measures officials, maintain and/or improve protective structures (riprap) that are already in place.

2) The residential areas and the Sentier Rivage (retaining wall and residences): maintain the retaining wall, inform residents of the risks and possible accommodation measures to attenuate risks, encourage the managers of the special needs or seniors’ residences to have an emergency plan that addresses flood risks.

3) Town infrastructures and buildings (salt water pumping station and water treatment plant): accommodation: improve waterproofing and/or raise above the flood level.

Report:
Aubé, M., Hébert, C. et Doiron, A. 2014. Accompagnement de communautés de la Péninsule acadienne dans la planification de l’adaptation aux changements climatiques: année 3. Exercices de planification stratégique à Shippagan, Bas-Caraquet, Le Goulet et Sainte-Marie-Saint-Raphaël, Cap-Bateau et Pigeon Hill


Evaluation and selection of strategies

Cost-benefit analysis of adaptation strategies, including regulations

Report:
Aubé, M., Hébert, C., Wilson, J., Trenholm, R. and Patriquin, M. 2016. Cost Benefit Analysis of Climate Change Adaptation Strategies for the Acadian Peninsula.

Planning exercise by an internal committee in the fall of 2017 for preliminary strategy selection

Members of the internal committee: Anita Savoie Robichaud, Kassim Doumbia, Marie-Lou Noel, Patrice-Eloi Mallet, Rémi Hébert, Percy Mallet, Valmond Doiron, Michel Mallet et Brigitte Mazerolle Robichaud

Facilitation: CZRI

Preliminary strategy selection:

The internal committee essentially retained the recommendations of the previous exercises. The main strategies are:

Accesses: identify the accesses to the Town of Shippagan that are potentially problematic in the emergency measures plan. Raise access bridges above the flood level. Maintain or improve the protective structures that are already in place.

Natural and artificial structures: identify and map the natural areas that protect municipal and private infrastructures, residences or other infrastructures. Ensure the conservation of natural and artificial structures that play a protective role.

Residential areas: develop a flood specific emergency measures plan that takes into account the level of risk and elements at stake in the residential areas. Inform residents and businesses of the flood and erosion risks specific to their area and of accommodation measures to limit damages (ex: waterproofing of buildings, etc.). Monitor the application of the zoning regulations adopted in 2016. Collaborate with the Department of Environment and Local Government (DELG) and surrounding Local Service Districts (LSDs) in regards to communication and outreach (information sharing) and emergency response planning in LSDs.

Municipal, institutional and private areas: adapt infrastructures and buildings in municipal, institutional and private areas, for example, by raising pumping and lift stations above the flood level or by improving their water resistance. Inform building owners and managers of risks and accommodation measures.

Report :
Aubé, M., Hébert, C., Jean, S. et Sonier, T. 2018. Plans d’action préliminaires pour Shippagan, Bas-Caraquet et Sainte-Marie-Saint-Raphaël : accompagnement de communautés dans leur adaptation aux changements climatiques.


Info - Public consultation

Implementation plan

Adoption of the recommendations from the first working group: changes made to the municipal plan and new zoning regulations passed in 2016.

The Town of Shippagan has completed the process leading to the development of its Climate Change Adaptation Plan.

The final selection of actions in the plan was made following public consultation that took place in the fall of 2018.

An implementation plan has been developed including details of when and how the actions will be carried out.  The implementation plan will be updated as needed.

Report:
Aubé, M., Hébert, C. et Sonier, T. 2019. Adaptation aux changements climatiques - Plan d'action pour la Ville de Shippagan


Erosion and flooding
In the example above, see the evolution of coastal erosion in the Pigeon Hill area from 1944 to 2012. Move the arrows!

A rigorous process

Scenarios and risks

icon scenario
Gain better knowledge of damage risks and risks to human health posed by erosion and flooding.

Maps and zoning

icon cartes
Delineate areas at risk based on recommendations.

Priorities and potential strategies

icon priorites
Identify and prioritise elements at stake within risk areas.

Evaluation and strategy selection

icon evaluations
Conduct more extensive studies for some of the adaptation measures under consideration.

Implementation plans

icon plan
Define the details on when and how the actions will be taken and implemented.

Project progression

Follow the progress of the project in your community using the interactive map.

View the map

Possible solutions

Adapting to climate change requires the implementation of several complementary measures on the same territory to ensure the safety of both the public and infrastructures. Here are some possible solutions.